method of making the statue


PREPARATION OF WAX MODEL


WAX MOULD OF SRI PANCHA THATHUVA PROJECT (FOR ISKCON MAYAPUR - WEST BENGAL)




Mixture of Paraffin wax and Rosin melted with ground nut oil is called wax i.e. mezhugu.   This wax i.e. mezhugu when exposed to fire becomes very flexible. Out of this flexible material, the Sthapathi now proceeds to work out the wax model observing the fundamental principles laid down to fix the length of the moorthy. The total length is divided into 120 parts, out of which, the length of the face, torso, limbs, legs etc.etc. are fixed as per Shilpasastras. Details of like ornaments are modeled on the outline of the wax model itself.



CLAY MOULD

The entire surface of the wax model is covered with paste of alluvial soil which is found available on the river bed. The moisture of the alluvial soil around the mould is then allowed to dry by keeping it in the hot son. Then a second & 3rd coating is also applied till a fine even layer on the surface of the wax model is achieved. To avoid breakage and to strength the mould, steel wire is wound around the entire piece. This is called clay mould. The clay mould after getting the moisture dried is heated. When heated the wax inside the mould gets melt and drained out thro the runner provided at the bottom of the mould. The mould without wax insides is called “karuvu” in Tamil.
 



CASTING AND FINISHING


Required quantity of metal, i.e. copper brass & lead in the ratio of 82%, 15%, & 3% respectively is collected in a crucible and heated to get converted into liquid form. Simultaneously the karu (mould) is also heated. The mould becomes red hot. It is then buried in the ground up to the mouth of the mould, to get firm upright position. The hot liquid metal is poured into it. The mould is allowed to cool gradually. Then the wire bindings and iron rods are removed. The mould is broken open. Now rough metal image is obtained. Then it is chiseled, filed, and engraved to get fine ornamental work done finally.


SRI PANCHA THATHUVA PROJECT (FOR ISKCON MAYAPUR - WEST BENGAL)




method of making the statue


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